[1]陈镭,马井会,瞿元昊,等.2019-2020年上海地区空气质量变化特征及气象影响因素分析[J].气象研究与应用,2022,43(01):59-65.[doi:10.19849/j.cnki.CN45-1356/P.2022.1.11]
 Chen Lei,Ma Jinghui,Qu Yuanhao,et al.Analysis of air quality change characteristics and meteorological influencing factors in Shanghai from 2019 to 2020[J].Journal of Meteorological Research and Application,2022,43(01):59-65.[doi:10.19849/j.cnki.CN45-1356/P.2022.1.11]
点击复制

2019-2020年上海地区空气质量变化特征及气象影响因素分析()
分享到:

气象研究与应用[ISSN:1673-8411/CN:45-1356/P]

卷:
第43卷
期数:
2022年01期
页码:
59-65
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2022-03-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis of air quality change characteristics and meteorological influencing factors in Shanghai from 2019 to 2020
作者:
陈镭12 马井会12 瞿元昊12 常炉予12
1. 长三角环境气象预报预警中心, 上海 200030;
2. 上海市气象与健康重点实验室, 上海 20030
Author(s):
Chen Lei12 Ma Jinghui12 Qu Yuanhao12 Chang Luyu12
1. Yangtze River Delta Environmental Meteorological Forecast and Early Warning Center, Shanghai 200030, China;
2. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Meteorology and Health, Shanghai 20030, China
关键词:
空气质量气象要素PM2.5O3
Keywords:
air qualitymeteorological elementsPM2.5O3
分类号:
X51
DOI:
10.19849/j.cnki.CN45-1356/P.2022.1.11
摘要:
利用2019-2020年上海地区6种空气污染物小时浓度和逐日空气质量分指数(IAQI)的监测资料,统计分析了上海地区空气质量变化特征及其气象因素的影响。结果表明,2020年上海地区空气质量优良率达86.9%,空气质量状况优于2019年。上海地区AQI具有冬季最差,秋季最好的季节特征,最主要的污染物已由过去的PM2.5转变为O3。分析O3和PM2.5浓度随时间的变化发现,O3浓度一天中存在一个峰值和一个谷值,而PM2.5浓度则有两个峰值和一个谷值;从逐月变化来看,O3浓度呈现春夏高,秋冬低的季节特征,而PM2.5则呈现夏秋低,冬春高的季节特征。地面风向风速、气温、日照和降水对上海地区O3和PM2.5浓度变化具有重要的影响。
Abstract:
Based on the monitoring data of hourly concentrations of six air pollutants and daily air quality sub index (IAQI) in Shanghai from 2019 to 2020,the variation characteristics of air quality and the influence of meteorological factors in Shanghai were statistically analyzed.The excellent rate of air quality in Shanghai reached 86.9% in 2020,and the air quality was better than that in 2019.AQI in Shanghai has the seasonal characteristic that AQI is the worst in winter and best in autumn.The main pollutants have changed from PM2.5 to O3.Analyzing the changes of O3 and PM2.5 concentrations with time,there was a peak and a trough in the O3 concentration in a day,while the PM2.5 concentration had two peaks and a trough.From the month-to-month change,O3 concentration showed seasonal characteristics of high in spring and summer,low in autumn and winter,while PM2.5 showed seasonal characteristics of low in summer and autumn,high in winter and spring.Surface wind direction,wind speed,temperature,sunshine and precipitation had important effects on the changes of O3 and PM2.5 concentrations in Shanghai.

参考文献/References:

[1] 肖悦,田永中,许文轩,等.近10年中国空气质量时空分布特征[J].生态环境学报,2017,26(2):243-252.
[2] 姜磊,周海峰,柏玲,等.中国城市空气质量指数(AQI)的动态变化特征[J].经济地理,2018,38(9):87-95.
[3] 刘丽,唐晓婵,马东卓,等.2013-2019年青岛市空气质量变化特征分析[J].中国环境监测,2020,36(6):66-71.
[4] 康娜,胡康,KumarKR,等.2015年10月南京霾污染过程分析[J].环境科学研究,2017,30(12):1832-1840.
[5] 王继康,花丛,桂海林,等.2016年1月我国中东部一次大气污染物传输过程分析[J].气象,2017,43(7):804-812.
[6] 王新,杨晓霞,刘焕彬.济南市空气质量特征分析[J].气象科技,2007,35(6):803-808.
[7] 郁珍艳,高大伟,李正泉,等.低层通风量及逆温条件对浙江省空气质量的影响分析[J].环境科学学报,2020,40(9):3165-3173.
[8] 欧娜音,马骏,袁典,等.持续性逆温天气对哈尔滨市空气质量的影响[J].气象科技,2018,46(6):1266-1273.
[9] 黄容,郭丽娜,马艳,等.2006-2012年青岛市空气质量与气象条件的关系[J].气象与环境学报,2015,31(2):37-43.
[10] 陈训来,冯业荣,范绍佳,等.离岸型背景风和海陆风对珠江三角洲地区灰霾天气的影响[J].大气科学,2008,32(3):530-542.
[11] 邓涛,吴兑,邓雪娇,等.珠江三角洲一次典型复合型污染过程的模拟研究[J].中国环境科学,2012,32(2):193-199.
[12] 刘宁,王雪松,胡泳涛,等.珠江三角洲秋季PM10污染模拟与形成过程分析[J].中国环境科学,2012,32(9):1537-1545.
[13] 中华人民共和国环境保护部.环境空气质量指数(AQI)技术规定(试行):HJ633-2012[S].北京:中国环境科学出版社,2012:1-2.
[14] 陈镭,马井会,耿福海,等.上海地区一次典型连续颗粒物污染过程分析[J].气象,2016,42(2):203-212.
[15] 张国琏,甄新蓉,谈建国,等.影响上海市空气质量的地面天气类型及气象要素分析[J].热带气象学报,2010,26(1):124-128.

相似文献/References:

[1]唐延婧,宋丹,柳艳香,等.贵州高速公路低能见度分类预报方法研究[J].气象研究与应用,2015,36(01):96.
 TANG Yanjing,Song Dan,Liu Yanxiang,et al.Research on Low-visibility Weather Classification Forecasting procedure in motorway of Guizhou[J].Journal of Meteorological Research and Application,2015,36(01):96.
[2]古明悦.南宁市2~4月“回南天”天气气象要素变化特征分析[J].气象研究与应用,2015,36(02):21.
 Gu Ming-yue.Analysis of High-humidity Weather during February to April in Nanning[J].Journal of Meteorological Research and Application,2015,36(01):21.
[3]蒋静,朱敬红,黄春华,等.防城港“回南天”分析及预报[J].气象研究与应用,2015,36(03):39.
 JIANG Jing,ZHU Jing-hong,HUANG Chun-hua,et al.Analysis and Forecasting of “huinantian” in FangChengGang[J].Journal of Meteorological Research and Application,2015,36(01):39.
[4]白龙,苏兆达,梁岱云.南宁市一次中度霾天气过程成因分析[J].气象研究与应用,2015,36(04):71.
 Bai long,Su zhaoda,Liang daiyun.Causative analysis on a moderate haze process of Nanning[J].Journal of Meteorological Research and Application,2015,36(01):71.
[5]王义耕,廖国莲,陈丹,等.广西一次大范围长时间臭氧污染过程分析[J].气象研究与应用,2021,42(04):123.[doi:10.19849/j.cnki.CN45-1356/P.2021.4.22]
 Wang Yigeng,Liao Guolian,Chen Dan,et al.Analysis of a large-scale and long-time ozone pollution process in Guangxi[J].Journal of Meteorological Research and Application,2021,42(01):123.[doi:10.19849/j.cnki.CN45-1356/P.2021.4.22]
[6]黄远盼,黎馨,欧徽宁.广西贺州市城区空气质量与气象条件的关系研究[J].气象研究与应用,2019,40(04):66.
 Huang Yuanpan,Li Xin,Ou Huining.Study on the relationship between air quality and meteorological conditions in Hezhou City[J].Journal of Meteorological Research and Application,2019,40(01):66.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-10-28。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(42005055)、上海市科委自然科学基金项目(19ZR1462100)、上海气象局面上科研项目(MS202013)、上海市青年科技英才扬帆计划项目(21YF1412400)
作者简介:陈镭(1984-),女,高级工程师,硕士,主要从事环境气象预报业务和技术研究。E-mail:yuhuashi19840414@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01